Habitat. Their shape reminds of a cardinal's hat and that is the reason for the Dutch name. Continue trimming as needed to achieve desired growth pattern. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae. Habitat • Forests, floodplains, landscaping • Full or partial shade. These fruits appear on the European spindle tree in the late summer and early fall. It is a popular ornamental plant in gardens and parks due to its bright pink or purple fruits and attractive autumn colouring, in addition to its resistance to frost and wind. SX507580. known Wisconsin distribution Often simply called the spindle tree, it has other common names including European euonymus, prick timber, prickwood, and spindleberry. A species from South Europe and another from Japan are cultivated. It makes an excellent winter border for early flowering bulbs. It is called spindle in English, because the wood of the small tree is very hard and can be cut to a sharp point; it was used in the past for making wool spindles. Fruit • Four-part, ornamental seed casing opens to reveal red to pink fruits • Smooth seed casing (red to pink) • Oval, 0.5” - 0.75” • Matures September - October. It is the fruit that follows in the fall that this plant is known for. Free online photo editing using the fruits o photo, in Shutterstock Editor. It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. The seeds of Euonymus europaeus are dormant and need to be ‘stratified’ (exposed to cold, damp conditions) to trigger them into growth. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Euonymus europaeus grows to 3–6 m (10–20 ft) tall, rarely 10 m (33 ft), with a stem up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter. European Spindle. The European spindle is a tree found in parks, forests, and alongside roads all over Europe. [5] However, the fruit is poisonous, containing, amongst other substances, the alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, as well as an extremely bitter terpene. Parts of the plant have been used medicinally. Look-alikes European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus - old capsules 1. Stay informed. Just pick them carefully from the tree and store them in paper or cotton bags or in buckets. It has opposite, lanceolate to elliptical leaves with finely serrated edges that are dark green in the summer, turning yellow-green to reddish-purple in the autumn. 'Albus' has white fruit instead of red. We think they are ideal for serious amateur fruit growers and allotment growers. However, you should never take a bite of a spindle tree’s fruits, no matter how tempting. European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea. Photo about Close-up fruit of European spindle flower or Euonymus europaeus. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. 1998. Eventually, the fruit capsule splits open to reveal a red-orange berry with dark red seeds. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. Species. Stake the single remaining shoot and when it reaches the height at which you want the tree foliage to begin, pinch off all growth below that spot. Autumn colour ranges from yellow-green to reddish-purple, depending on environmental conditions.[1]. [6], Figure from Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1885, Flower with the four petals and four stamens, Dirr, Michael A. Riping fruit on European or common spindle, Euonymus europaeus, close-up with bokeh, selective focus, shallow DOF Euonymus europaeus ‘Red Cascade’ A branch with fruits and seeds of Euonymus europaeus close. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. Find the perfect european spindle tree euonymus europaea fruit stock photo. Spindle-tree. Wij hebben ons volledig gespecialiseerd in het importeren en leveren van een compleet pakket aan ondersteunings- en overkappingsmaterialen. The tree can be found throughout woodland areas, and is quite beautiful. November. 3476 x 5272 pixels. Spectacular Spindles The yellow-green flowers bloom in May and are not particularly notable. It is native throughout Europe and into the western regions of Asia and has been cultivated in North America where it has thrived to the point of becoming an invasive species in some areas. European Spindle Tree. It tends to have an irregular crown that becomes more rounded as it matures. Commercially Available. Latin Name. Often simply called the spindle tree, it has other common names including European euonymus, prick timber, prickwood, and spindleberry. Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Euonymus / j uː ˈ ɒ n ɪ m ə s / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae.Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus.It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen … Winfried Wisniewski. Some of its other uses include the creation of high quality charcoal colors for artists. It has been introduced to North America where it has become an invasive species in some areas. Download this stock image: European spindle-tree (Euonymus europaea, Euonymus europaeus), fruits with seeds, Germany, Bavaria - 2B6KDW7 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. It tastes great and is one of the most popular … However, the fruit is poisonous, containing, amongst other substances, the alkaloids theobromine and caffeine, as … Kortom: optimale ondersteuning voor uw bomen en voor u. European spindle tree is very cold hardy and will grow in USDA zones four through seven. ---Parts Used---The variety of Spindle Tree (Euonymus atropurpureus), common in the eastern United States, is known there as Wahoo, Burning Bush, or Indian Arrowwood. Photographer. The European Fresh Fruit and Vegetables sector offers opportunities for exporters. Almonds. Lindman (1856-1928) was Professor of Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural History (Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet). ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub.The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. Yes. 'Albus' (also listed as var. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) Spindle. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. Images of species taken at Forder Valley LNR, Leigham, Plymouth, Devon. It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for ornamental purposes. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. ... the cashew can be eaten raw, or further roasted and brought to market. 'Red Cascade' is the primary cultivar found in nurseries and is known for its deeply saturated red color and prolific berry display. Notes: Greek name: Εύωνυμο το ευρωπαϊκό Join the ... Fruit. Charcoal produced from this plant is seen as superior among artists due to its strength and density. This is the kind generally used in medicine. 'Nana' - This is a dwarf form only growing to 3' tall and wide. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The scientific name of this species is Euonymus europaeus, which is said by some to be derived from 'Euonyme', the mother of the Furies, a reference to the poisonous nature of this tree. 'Albus' (also listed as var. The juice is even used in some parts of Africa to create poisoned arrows. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, 5th edi, "Euonymus europaeus L. European spindletree", "Euonymus europaeus European Euonymus Celastraceae", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euonymus_europaeus&oldid=987094662, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 21:48. European spindle (E. europaeus) is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 7 and is commonly available in nurseries throughout the country. Yes. Delivery will usually take place in February. albus) - This form features white fruit. 5. Vanuit onze vestiging in Kesteren zijn wij in staat om snelle leveringen, goede kwaliteit en service te bieden. The seed coating is used to create a yellow dye and charcoal obtained from the wood is prized by artists. 29.43 x 44.64 cm (300 dpi) 11.59 x 17.57 inch (300 dpi) In the U. S., it has escaped cultivation and spread (sometimes invasively) by self-seeding, particularly in some areas of the Northeast. This is considered a watch list species. Fruit • Four-part, ornamental seed casing opens to reveal red to pink fruits • Smooth seed casing (red to pink) • Oval, 0.5” - 0.75” • Matures September - October. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of the spindle … Poisonings are more common in young children, who are enticed by the brightly coloured fruits. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. View top-quality stock photos of Fruits Of European Spindle Tree Euonymus Europaeus. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. It is possible to prune it to a single stem, creating a small tree shape. Download european spindle tree stock photos. fruits close up of Euonymus europaeus shrub . Gray Black ... Plant range Europe to W Asia Characteristics . European spindle trees typically have no significant disease or insect problems but can contract anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot, mildew, twig blight, and scale. [2][3], European spindle wood is very hard, and can be cut to a sharp point; it was used in the past for making spindles for wool-spinning and for butchers' skewers.[4]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to elliptical, 3–8 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, with a finely serrated edge. The tree can be found throughout woodland areas and is quite beautiful. Want to be the first to know about new publications? Native to Europe. Here you'll find information that can help you get your fresh fruit and vegetables on the market in Europe. Ripening fruit pods of the European spindle releasing its orange seeds The European spindle (Euonymus europaeus), Better viewed On Black also known as the common spindle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, particularly in the centre, but is to be found in locations from Ireland and southern Scandinavia in the north, to northern … The fall foliage is responsible for another of its alt… The stems are smooth and dark green with dark green elliptical leaves. 'Nana' - This is a dwarf form only growing to 3' tall and wide. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. Biology. Look-alikes Up for sale European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus 10 Seeds. In the spring, prune it back to the desired shape and size, then mulch the base of the plant. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. 01646700. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). Plant: European Spindle * Euonymus europaeus L. - deciduous shrub, broadly squarrose form, petiolate leaves, lanceolate, ovate, fruit - capsule, solitaire, Availability World wide. Photo about Euonymus europaeus european spindle or common spindle in the colorful autumn forest in upper swabia germany. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Although birds can eat the fruit of this species, all parts of this plant are toxic to humans if eaten in sufficient quantity. Thousands of images added daily. Industrious, delicate, colourful. - fruit 1. For example, if you’re looking for a small tree for spectacular autumn display, look no further. Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. In cultivation in the UK, the cultivar 'Red Cascade' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. This would occur naturally in the ground over winter, but the process can be mimicked in the fridge. We buy these trees in from European nurseries when the opportunity arises so availability can change, but this link lists our current availability of commercial-grade spindlebush fruit trees. Download this stock image: European spindle / common spindle (Euonymus europaeus) in autumn showing capsular fruit with lobes split open to reveal seeds - EHXX1X from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Return to Land Gallery. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Bob Gibbons/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) with fruit, Saxon village area, Transylvania, Romania / 80077713 Some of its other uses include the creation of high-quality charcoal colours for artists. Download european spindle stock photos. This plant is most often known as the European spindle tree, a name that comes from the fact that the stems are hard and at one time were sharpened into weaving spindles. The seeds are ready to sow when a small proportion haves sprouted – this shows the remaining seeds are close to germinating too. Commercially Available. These burst … Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus - seed 1. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits. Euonymus europaeus . Up for sale European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus 10 Seeds. Euonymus europaeus, or European spindle tree, is a handsome, small deciduous tree with a number of ornamental and useful attributes. We grow a huge range of popular fruit trees you can buy: apple trees, step over apple trees, plum trees, dwarf plum trees, dwarf pear tree and other espalier fruit … View top-quality stock photos of Fruits Of European Spindle Tree Euonymus Europaeus. It apparently does not flower or fruit and it may not be as hardy as the species. Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous plant that can be grown as either a large shrub or small tree. This species makes an attractive background shrub with a flowering border in front of it. European spindle trees also pair well with ornamental grasses. To produce more abundant displays of fruit, it is recommended that this species is planted near another Euonymus europaeus cultivar for cross-pollination. – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock admin info. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Chromolithograph from Carl Lindman's 'Bilder ur Nordens Flora' (Pictures of Northern Flora), Stockholm, Wahlström & Widstrand, 1905. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in late spring and are insect-pollinated; they are rather inconspicuous, small, yellowish green and grow in cymes of 3–8 together. If grown in full shade, this species will exhibit diminished coloration in the fall when it should be the most striking. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Image of germany, flower, nature - 199705597 In the fall, the leaves turn yellow-green to red-purple. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of… Euonymus europaea L. European spindle-tree: plant: branch: leaves: fruit: bark: twig . Image of botanic, botanical, background - 102135148 Fruit Support Europe. Noun 1. It has also been referred to as “robins' bread” because robins attracted to the seeds will fiercely defend a bush they have claimed as their territory. When ripe, the four lobes split open to reveal the orange seeds. In 2017, around 1 in 4 people (27 %) ate fruit at least twice a day, according to a survey of the European Union (EU) population. The tree can be found throughout woodland areas, and is quite beautiful. Buy fruit trees from CRJ Fruit Trees Nursery UK. The fruit, which hangs onto the branches as the foliage drops, opens into fours sections, earning spindle trees the alternative names 'hearts-a-bustin' and 'strawberry bush'. Sven Zacek / European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) covered in pink berries, Varumaa county, Southern Estonia. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. It has also been referred to as “robins' bread” because robins attracted to the seeds will fiercely defend a bush they have claimed as their territory. The European spindle tree is a little known plant that provides lots of food for birds and insects. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. It is particularly attractive to certain aphids. European Spindle Tree Euonymus europaeus - twig 1. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. European spindle flower or euonymus europaeus close-up view in autumn sun, common spindle fruits in golden october - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. 10.06.04. Oil produced from this plant is used for soap making. Parts of the plant have been used medicinally. 01588906. Find and edit photos easily for all of your projects. It apparently does not flower or fruit and it may not be as hardy as the species. 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. Creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves fruit... Fashion spindles for spinning wool the late summer and early fall red-orange berry with dark seeds. We think they are ideal for serious amateur fruit growers and allotment growers leaf color autumn colour ranges from to! Pitkin / spindle ( Euonymus europaeus is a shrub or small tree with an crown. Lindman ( 1856-1928 ) was Professor of Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural (! Are ideal for serious amateur fruit growers and allotment growers result in liver and damage... 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[ 1 ] buy fruit trees Nursery UK create poisoned arrows,. In het importeren en leveren van een compleet pakket aan ondersteunings- en overkappingsmaterialen about fruit! Cotton bags or in buckets pink in colour and approximately 1–1.5 cm wide (! In parks trimming as needed to achieve desired growth pattern Europe but has been introduced to North where...